Psychodiagnostics in the education system
Functions and tasksHow does psychoprophylaxis differ from psychodiagnostics?
Education is a purposeful process of human development and includes not only lifelong learning focused on the choice of further professional specialization, but also care for the personal growth of schoolchildren. The developmental component of education is provided by the psychological service, established more than 15 years ago.
Functions and tasks
The psychological service in the education system has been created and has positively recommended itself not only in Russia, but also in many foreign countries. Its activities are aimed at supporting the education of the younger generation and its upbringing, taking into account the accumulated knowledge in the field of scientific psychology. Psychologists take an active part in solving pressing problems in the life of schoolchildren up to the moment they receive a certificate of secondary education.
The educational institutions conduct systematic monitoring of the state of mind of each child. This process is full of various examinations:
character assessment;monitoring the pace of psychological development;monitoring the implementation of all components of education.
Psychologists ensure the timely detection and maximum involvement in the pedagogical process of the intellectual and individual potential of children, the identification of the abilities, inclinations and interests of the individual. School professionals provide advice on teaching, out-of-school education and parenting.
There is an unambiguous answer to the question of what a psychological service is in the education system – this is a system that allows you to timely determine the reserves in the psychological potential of a child in order to use them in further education and training. If a psychologist works with lagging children, he is obliged to identify and then eliminate the root causes that caused the delay in development, but only those that are within the medical competence. If a psychologist observes gifted students, he needs to identify the inclinations of eccentricity as early as possible, and then turn them into developed abilities.
Another important task in educational psychology is to provide support to all participants in the educational process:
For its implementation, the psychologist takes on the functions of not only a psychotherapist and a consultant, but also a teacher and a psychological corrector. Experts use proven techniques aimed at influencing the psyche and human behavior. Also, the school psychologist helps teachers and directors of educational institutions to update existing knowledge, as they tend to quickly become obsolete.
It happens that in the course of working with children situations arise that require immediate resolution, since their consequences can affect the fate of a young member of society. These include, for example, the impossibility of continuing their studies in an ordinary school after revealing the child’s violations that cannot be compensated by pedagogical means. In such cases, there is a need for medical and psychological research and expertise. And here the knowledge of a psychologist comes first, because he must responsibly and competently give a medical assessment, make a conclusion about the health of the little patient and, in fact, become the “arbiter” of the child’s further fate.
The psychology of school education is built on a multi-level system:
At the ministerial and federal levels, there are chief psychologists or special departments overseeing the work of subordinate psychological services.At the regional level, there are scientific and methodological departments and centers that provide guidance for activities within the boundaries of the subject. They are not busy helping children, but only directing practicing psychologists in organizations.The municipal “floor” is represented by the psychological services of cities and districts at the educational boards. They organize and control the activities of school psychologists.
Practicing psychologists are subordinate to the managing state bodies, but they carry out their own duties, regardless of the supervisors, therefore, they are personally responsible for working in the secondary education system.
Today there are four main vectors of specialization of the practicing school psychologist:
psychological counseling;psychological prevention;psychodiagnostics;correctional psychology.
How does psychoprophylaxis differ from psychodiagnostics?
Psychological prevention is the identification and leveling of factors that can provoke deviations in the correct mental formation of a child’s fragile body. To fulfill this mission, the specialist relies on the laws of psychology, pathopsychology, and defectology.
Psychodiagnostics in the education system requires professional knowledge of methods of examining a child at a psychological level. In the course of such research, the psychologist solves several is macbeth a tragic hero essay main tasks:
Assesses the individual characteristics of the patient.Issues a qualified psychological opinion about the child.Relying on reliable data, identifies students and teachers with uncharacteristic features.
Any psychodiagnostic research is carried out by a highly educated psychologist who knows theory and practical methods. The result of the psychodiagnostic procedure is a scientific justification and correct presentation of the results of examinations without arbitrary interpretation and inconsistency of interpretation.
A psychologist is considered a great specialist if he is able to develop his own methods based on existing ones and owns the methods of scientific assessment of their reliability and validity.
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